Biochemicals and bioplastics are products derived from renewable biomass sources and as vegetable fats and oils, raw biofuel production process residues (lignin), agricultural wastes, etc. The large amount of fossil oil based materials, cosmetics and fertilizers represents one of the largest source of GHG emission worldwide. As only carbon based renewable source, biomass is the only feedstock available for replacing fossils in this sector.
The very high market value of plastics, other biomaterials, cosmetics, fertilizers, as well as the relative limited amount of feedstock demand, compared to biofuels for transportation, or for energy, increase the attractiveness of this sector Therefore, they are a smart and sustainable alternative to fossil-fuel solutions. Last decades have witnessed enormous advances in these fields, making these sectors more competitive and highly accepted by the consumers.